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Middlewares

Usage#

Middlewares can be registered

  1. either globally, with app.use for all incoming requests,
  2. or at method level with addService, where instead of a single handler, an array of handlers can be provided (handler and middleware have the same API).
app.use((call, next) => next()) // global middleware
app.addService(CatService, {
getCat: [
(call, next) => next(), // getCat middleware
(call, next) => next(), // getCat handler
],
})
important

Note that grpc does not provide API to intercept all incoming requests, it only provides handlers to specific RPCs. That is why even global ProtoCat's middlewares do not handle requests that request unimplemented gRPC service for example.

next function#

Here is an example of a simple logger middleware. Apart from call, each middleware (handler alike) receives a next function. This is a callstack of all subsequent middlewares and handlers. This feature is demonstrated in a simple logger middleware below.

app.use(async (call, next) => {
const start = performance.now()
console.log(` --> ${call.path}`, {
request: call.request?.toObject(),
clientMetadata: call.metadata.getMap(),
})
await next()
console.log(` <-- ${call.path}`, {
response: call.response?.toObject(),
durationMillis: performance.now() - start,
initialMetadata: call.initialMetadata.getMap(),
trailingMetadata: call.trailingMetadata.getMap(),
})
})
caution

Unless you want to stop execution of the subsequent middlewares, you must call next. Not awaiting (or returning) it will probably result in unexpected behavior, especially in calls without server-streaming.

Call cascading#

All middlewares are executed in the order they were registered, followed by an execution of handlers in provided order, regardless of middleware-service order. Note that in the following example, C middleware is registered after CatService and it is still called, even before the handlers.

app.use(async (call, next) => {
console.log('A1')
await next()
console.log('A2')
})
app.use(async (call, next) => {
console.log('B1')
await next()
console.log('B2')
})
app.addService(CatService, {
getCat: [
async (call, next) => {
console.log('D1')
await next()
console.log('D2')
},
async (call, next) => {
console.log('E1')
await next()
console.log('E2')
},
],
})
app.use(async (call, next) => {
console.log('C1')
await next()
console.log('C2')
})
// --> getCat
// A1 (middleware)
// B1 (middleware)
// C1 (middleware)
// D1 (handler)
// E1 (handler)
// E2 (handler)
// D2 (handler)
// C2 (middleware)
// B2 (middleware)
// A2 (middleware)